Look Deeper

Truth and Reconciliation Commission

  • (Video: 4.5 minutes) Understand the facts, feel the pain with your heart.
  • The TRC’s 2015 Final Summary Report
  • Reading the TRC’s Calls to Action is an education in itself. Which one touches you, inspires you to work passionately to implement that Call to Action? Pick one and go for it!
    4th bullet will be reference to Sinclair podcasts as now
  • See Podcasts by Honourable Murry Sinclair under Indigenous Insights
  • National Research Centre for Truth and Reconciliation has a mandate to archive evidence from residential schools and TRC hearings. The Centre also is to document and foster meaningful reconciliation in the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians. Manitoba Legislation makes its rationale (Whereas…) and Mandate (clause 3) clear:
  • National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation has a wonderful collection of brief videos and stories in its Education tab.
  • The National Council for Reconciliation is being established as the agency that will report to Canadians on our progress toward reconciliation. An interim Board made its report in June 2018.

Reconciliation Approaches

Useful ways of acting and approaching projects

Addressing racism (responding, guiding learning, leading change)

Under construction

In Greater Detail

…by alphabetical subject matter

Child Welfare (Calls to Action 1-5)

  • British Columbia – Turpel-Lafond (Child Advocate/Ombudsman) reported 60% of children taken into government foster care are Indigenous children. Many reasons cited including housing, addictions, lack of trained social workers in BC (Sask thought to be doing better), failure to search for family members (grandparents, aunts, cousins) who might be able to care for children, etc. Primary reason thought to be lack of federal funding for children.
  • Ontario – Cindy Blackstock, head of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, launched human rights complaints in 2007. Our Human Rights Tribunal found Canada is discriminating against Indigenous children due to significantly lower federal funding for Indigenous child welfare on reserves than provinces provide.Blackstock states: There are currently more Indigenous children in state care than at the height of the residential school era. Hundreds of First Nations have died in the foster care system over the past two decades, with many more subjected to abuse.
  • Saskatchewan: 5000-7000 children in care 2018 = 5200). See a quick-read overview.  Fast, E. & Simpson, M. & Trocmé, N. (2014). Saskatchewan’s child welfare system. CWRP Info Sheet #128E.Montreal, QC: Centre for Research on Children and Families.
  • Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth Annual Report 2017 (see p.12-20 Promising Practices)

Education

Call 47 – education to public servants

We call upon federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal governments to provide education to public servants on the history of Aboriginal peoples, including the history and legacy of residential schools, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Treaties and Aboriginal rights, Indigenous law, and Aboriginal–Crown relations. This will require skills- based training in intercultural competency, conflict resolution, human rights, and anti-racism. Short Report | Full Report

Justice

Podcast—Is it time to reinvent Canada’s criminal justice system? – CBC.ca Jun 18, 2017 — Canada’s justice system got a swift kick in the pants this week from both the Supreme Court of Canada and the Senate. The verdict from those venerable institutions is that the justice system is very slow, backlogged and has become a system of injustice….

2017 Supreme court Jordan Ruling says court must deal with cases within 18 months (higher courts, 30 months) – Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould called the Jordan ruling a “call to action” and said the government is answering with ongoing initiatives and legal reforms.

Long Delays in our legal system: Read the legal decision 2016 R. vs Jordan (Supreme Court Judgement) here

Land

In Canada, reservation lands set aside by the federal government are small. For example, all First Nations reserves in Canada together are not as large as a single Navajo Reserve in southern USA. [Note: INAC website states “The fulfilment of TLE agreements assists in building partnerships and encourages economic development on reserves and in surrounding communities.”

For an update on Treaty Land Entitlement in Saskatchewan, see here. 

Mental Health/Suicide

  • On November 23, 2017, in a public discussion in Regina, singer Tanya Tagaq explained that in Nunavut, abuse, violence, and suicide are so common that it touches every person almost daily. People do not have time to grieve and recover from one event before the next occurs. The tone of the whole community is affected and all relationships are coloured by tragic events.
  • The Conference Board of Canada reports that in 2011, “Nunavut … [has an] average suicide rate that is three times higher than the worst-ranked peer country, Japan, and six times higher than the Canadian average. [Note: Sask. and NWT are close to tied for second worst] Link
  • Statistics Canada (2012) The Social Determinants of Higher Mental Distress among Inuit
  • Statistics Canada (2012) Health at a Glance, Suicide Rates: An Overview (This seems to be the most current available from Statistics Canada in 2018. ).
  • Health Canada (2013). National Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy (NAYSPS) Program Framework