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Indian Act 1876
- Access the complete text of the Indian Act (1876) as well as documents and analysis of the Indian Act provided on the University of British Columbia’s Indigenous Foundations website.
- Access a summarized description of the Indian Act and the various significant amendments appears here
- Access a discussion of the Indian Act including comments on how it discriminates against women.
- Read the details of the changes that became law in 2017.
Charter of Rights 1982 (preceded by the Canadian Bill of Rights 1960)
- Your Guide to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- Sections 25 and 35 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms address how rights protected under the Charter will intersect with existing rights held by Canada’s Indigenous peoples. Section 25 guarantees that no rights protected under the Charter will be used to abrogate or derogate from rights belonging to Aboriginal people (including land rights and rights under the Royal Proclamation). Section 35 provides distinct recognition and affirmation of existing Aboriginal and Treaty rights. This is an important step in amalgamating common law and Aboriginal law traditions. Source
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)
- Honourable Murray Sinclair – What is Reconciliation (Dec 2016) 0(video 3 minutes)
- What We Have Learned: Principles of Truth and Reconciliation
- TRC’s 94 Calls to Action
- Former TRC Commissioner Dr Marie Wilson — It’s not about how we feel; it’s about what we do (5 minutes)
The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples adopted by the General Assembly in 2007. The Declaration (UNDRIP) affirms “that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples, while recognizing the right of all peoples to be different, to consider themselves different, and to be respected as such.” After a delay, Canada signed the declaration in 2012 and in 2015, Canada committed to implement UNDRIP.